Discover Durian: The King Of Fruits!

delicious open durian fruit perfectly ripe and ready to eat

The durian (pronounced /ˈdʊəriən/) is the fruit of trees from the genus Durio belonging to the Bombacaceae. Widely known and revered in Southeast Asia as the "King of Fruits", the fruit is distinctive for its large size, unique odour, and formidable thorn-covered husk. The fruit can grow up to 30 centimetres (12 in) long and 15 centimetres (6 in) in diameter, and typically weighs one to three kilograms (2 to 7 lb). Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale-yellow to red, depending on the species.

The edible flesh emits a distinctive odour, strong and penetrating even when the husk is intact. Regarded by some as fragrant, others as overpowering and offensive, the smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust. The odour has led to the fruit's banishment from certain hotels and public transportation in Southeast Asia.

How to pick the perfect durian?

The durian, native to Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia, has been known to the western world for about 600 years. Durians are exported Philippines and Thailand in large quantities and other parts of the world. The British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace famously described its flesh as "a rich custard highly flavoured with almonds" in the 19th century. The flesh can be consumed at various stages of ripeness, and is used to flavour a wide variety of savoury and sweet edibles in Southeast Asian cuisines. The seeds can also be eaten when cooked. The name durian comes from the Malay word duri (thorn) with suffix -an.

There are 30 recognised Durio species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit. Durio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market: other species are sold in their local regions. There are hundreds of durian cultivars; most of them have a common name and a code number starting with "D". Many consumers express preferences for specific cultivars, which fetch higher prices in the market.

Fresh durian is the best

The fruit durian that has been briefly introduced above can be recognized by its brown and uneven nature and an uninviting smell that is quickly forgotten when tasted. It is successfully produced at a specified period of the year which varies with the geographical region in which it is planted. It has some characteristics that placed it above every other fruit when it comes to rank; these features include: a strong, tasty smell and a juicy flesh. One can easily feel the flesh of a durian dry on the prong of his or her finger when lightly touched. It has been observed and confirmed that durian contains 4 to 6 locales, having 1 to 4 seeds in custard-like aril.

Buy fresh durian as it can be sold just the way it came from the source or opened and packaged depending on the choice of the buyer. The most exciting part of this fruit is that it can be used for making some other kind of food such as ‘durian chip’ passing it through a frying process. This product that it is being processed to looks like a potato chips but the only difference is that it turns out to be a bit thicker in size when compared. Those who are into converting durian to durian chips will tell you that it is better than potato chips because potato chips have this tendency of being genetically altered in its processing steps. Durian ice and durian candies can also be made from durian; these various foods mentioned above which durian serves to be the raw material for its production gives a whole lot of energy to any individual who consumes it. This is why many people like the fruit.

Durian varieties

A lot about durian has been discussed here, but the description will be incomplete if we fail to mention that there are many varieties of durian such the Mon Thong, Durian ban, and the Change. The ‘Mon Thong’ attracts more demand than the others because it happens to be sweeter than others. The ‘Durian Ban’ has a small round shape and it’s cooked before consumption in Thailand. There is another variety known as ‘Chanee,’ it is bigger in size when compared to the ones mentioned above.

More Information on different types of durian.

You can buy fresh durian in local Asian markets or any other means that seem convenient to you; the fact remains that durian will continue to be sweet no matter the means in which it was bought.